Thrush is an itchy, uncomfortable condition affecting the vulva and vagina. It is caused by a fungus yeast called Candida. Thrush is very common indeed, but hardly ever occurs in girls prior to the onset of periods, or in women after the menopause unless hormone replacement therapy is being used.
More common symptoms are burning, itching, soreness and vaginal creamy discharge. Vulval examination shows erythema of the labia minora, majora, perineum often with oedema and fissuring. Sometimes perianal skin is affected.
Vaginal yeast infectionalso known as candidal vulvovaginitis and vaginal thrushis excessive growth of yeast in the vagina that results in irritation. Vaginal yeast infections are due to excessive growth of Candida. Despite the lack of evidence, wearing cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing is often recommended as a preventative measure.
Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Vaginal Thrush Yeast Infection article more useful, or one of our other health articles. Candida is a normal commensal organism in the vagina. Recent research suggests that symptomatic vaginal and vulval candidiasis is not due to opportunistic infection or immunodeficiency but is a hypersensitivity response to the commensal organism.
NCBI Bookshelf. Rebecca Jeanmonod ; Donald Jeanmonod. Authors Rebecca Jeanmonod 1 ; Donald Jeanmonod 2.
See related patient information handout on recurrent yeast infectionswritten by the author of this article. Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four specific episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes unrelated to antibiotic therapy occur within one year. Although greater than 50 percent of women more than 25 years of age develop vulvovaginal candidiasis at some time, fewer than 5 percent of these women experience recurrences.
It is associated with vulvitis inflammation of vulva and vaginitis inflammation of vagina. Although C. This occurs when the normal environment of the vagina changes as a result of several precipitating factors such as pregnancyuse of antibioticsdiabetes mellitusHIVchronic debilitating disease etc which in turn allows the fungus to multiply to abnormal levels and causes the signs and symptoms of vaginal thrush.
Updated by Dr Jannet Gomez, April Vaginal discharge is a normal process which keeps the mucosal lining of the vagina moist. The amount of vaginal discharge varies according to the menstrual cycle and arousal and is clear and stringy in the first half of the cycle and whitish and sticky after ovulation.
Symptoms are often restricted to the vulva, but infections almost invariably involve the vagina which should also be treated. Applications to the vulva alone are likely to give only symptomatic relief without cure. Topical anaesthetic agents give only symptomatic relief and may cause sensitivity reactions.
A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva — the tissues at the vaginal opening. Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. Many women experience at least two episodes. A vaginal yeast infection isn't considered a sexually transmitted infection.